Fundamental Studies in Droplet Combustion and FLame EXtinguishment in Microgravity (FLEX-2)

The Flame Extinguishment - 2 (FLEX-2) experiment is the second experiment to fly on the ISS which uses small droplets of fuel to study the special spherical characteristics of burning fuel droplets in space. The FLEX-2 experiment studies how quickly fuel burns, the conditions required for soot to form, and how mixtures of fuels evaporate before burning. Understanding how fuels burn in microgravity could improve the efficiency of fuel mixtures used for interplanetary missions by reducing cost and weight. It could also lead to improved safety measures for manned spacecraft.

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Credit: Reid Wiseman/NASA

Looks like a microcosm of stellar formation


I see why this interview got so much press, it covers a lot of territory. The 20-minute interview covers Tesla Model 3, reasoning behind the gigafactory location, plans for separating electric power from coal production, reason for SpaceX not going public, need for reusable rockets, frustrations that SpaceX wasn’t allowed to compete for military launch contracts, and why we need to be watchdogs for the development of artificial intelligence.

Musk was interviewed because SpaceX was selected as CNBC’s #1 Disruptor in 2014.

Wide-ranging interview with the always fascinating Elon Musk


America’s Oddly Beautiful Suburban Sprawl, Photographed From The Sky

Urban sprawl is the type of thing you tend to forget about if you’re living in it, except maybe when you’re stuck in traffic inching home after work. But it does a lot more than cause road rage: Sprawl also makes us fatter, sicker, and poorer, and it’s the source of half of the country’s household carbon footprint. In a series of photos taken over seven years, now published in a new book called Ciphers, photographer Christoph Gielen shows a different perspective on sprawl, intended to get more people to question typical patterns of development.

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James Hugonin is a painter from Barnard Castle, County Durham UK.

James Hugonin makes paintings composed of marks of close toned colour with an underlying grid, each mark shifting slightly from it’s neighbour and building to a rhythmic whole. These are deeply subtle paintings with an understated clarity: quietly musical and filled with a kind of contained light that relates keenly to the place in which they are made. There is a slow and deliberate colour notation that forms an integral part of the making of each work. As Michael Harrison (Former Director of Kettle’s Yard, Cambridge) observed, “the paintings carry with them that pace, that slowness, that sense of time. They ask us to slow down, and to look, and to settle as we would listen to a piece of music, allowing time to take effect – to acknowledge that, for all their quietness and stillness, our relationship to them is one of continual change”.


Glass sculptures by Sydney-based artist Ben Young

“I work with 2D shapes and have to figure out how to translate that into a 3D finished product. Sometimes my start point changes dramatically as shapes can be limited – I can’t create any internal right angles – so I have to find a way to layer the glass to create certain shapes.” (text from


Posted to Cross Connect by Miyuki